CHƯƠNG TRÌNH VISA TẠO CƠ HỘI CHO DOANH NHÂN KHÔNG PHÂN BIỆT QUỐC GIA ĐẦU TƯ VÀO MỸ...
…EB-5 là chương trình đầu tư để được quyền định cư kèm thẻ xanh cho nhà đầu tư, với điều kiện ông hay bà ta tạo ra ít nhất 10 công việc. Trong năm 2006, chỉ có 63 visa loại này được cấp cho các công dân Trung Quốc. Năm ngoái, con số này đã nhảy vọt lên 2.408 và sang năm nay, đến tháng này đã có trên 3.700 visa loại này được cấp cho các doanh nhân Trung Quốc. Điều này có nghĩa là có một làn sóng tiền của Trung Quốc đang đổ vào các dự án cơ sở hạ tầng của Mỹ.
Chương trình visa này tạo cơ hội cho doanh nhân không phân biệt quốc gia đầu tư vào Mỹ, và các nhà đầu tư Trung Quốc chiếm tới 75 phần trăm trong tổng số người được cấp loại visa này. ..
EB-5 Immigrant Investor
USCIS administers the Immigrant Investor Program, also known as “EB-5,” created by Congress in 1990 to stimulate the U.S. economy through job creation and capital investment by foreign investors. Under a pilot immigration program first enacted in 1992 and regularly reauthorized since, certain EB-5 visas also are set aside for investors in Regional Centers designated by USCIS based on proposals for promoting economic growth.
All EB-5 investors must invest in a new commercial enterprise, which is a commercial enterprise:
• Established after Nov. 29, 1990, or
• Established on or before Nov. 29, 1990, that is:
1. Purchased and the existing business is restructured or reorganized in such a way that a new commercial enterprise results, or
2. Expanded through the investment so that a 40-percent increase in the net worth or number of employees occurs
Commercial enterprise means any for-profit activity formed for the ongoing conduct of lawful business including, but not limited to:
• A sole proprietorship
• Partnership (whether limited or general)
• Holding company
• Joint venture
• Business trust or other entity, which may be publicly or privately owned
The EB-5 visa for Immigrant Investors is a United States visa created by the Immigration Act of 1990. This visa provides a method of obtaining a green card for foreign nationals who invest money in the United States. To obtain the visa, individuals must invest $1,000,000 (or at least $500,000 in a "Targeted Employment Area" - high unemployment or rural area), creating or preserving at least 10 jobs for U.S. workers excluding the investor and their immediate family. Initially, under the first EB-5 program, the foreign investor was required to create an entirely new commercial enterprise; however, under the Pilot Program investments can be made directly in a job-generating commercial enterprise (new, or existing - "Troubled Business"), or into a "Regional Center" - a 3rd party-managed investment vehicle (private or public), which assumes the responsibility of creating the requisite jobs. Regional Centers may charge an administration fee for managing the investor's investment. The Regional Center provision of the program is currently scheduled to end on September 30, 2012.
If the foreign national investor's petition is approved, the investor and their dependents will be granted conditional permanent residence valid for two years. Within the 90 day period before the conditional permanent residence expires, the investor must submit evidence documenting that the full required investment has been made and that 10 jobs have been maintained, or 10 jobs have been created or will be created within a reasonable time period.
In 1992, Congress created a temporary pilot program designed to stimulate economic activity and job growth, while allowing eligible aliens the opportunity to become lawful permanent residents. Under this pilot program, foreign nationals may invest in a pre-approved regional center, or "economic unit, public or private, which is involved with the promotion of economic growth, including increased export sales, improved regional productivity, job creation, or increased domestic capital investment". Investments within a regional center provide foreign nationals the added benefit of allowing them to count jobs created both directly and indirectly for purposes of meeting 10 job creation requirement.
Foreign investors' use of the EB-5 program has been far less than originally anticipated by Congress. In 2005, a Government Accountability Office report found that investors were not utilizing the program because of “an onerous application process; lengthy adjudication periods; and the suspension of processing on over 900 EB-5 cases—some of which date to 1995—precipitated by a change in USCIS’s interpretation of regulations regarding financial qualifications.” However, in 2011, USCIS began making a number of changes to the program in hopes of increasing the number of applicants. By the end of the 2011 fiscal year, more than 3,800 EB-5 applications had been filed, compared to fewer than 800 applications in 2007.